棣栭〉 鏂囧寲 澶╀腑鏂囧寲 鎴愭灉灞曠ず

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鎽樿锛?/strong>鏍规浜庡啘姘戠敾鐨勮壓鏈垱鏂?姹濆崡楹﹁崏鐢绘槸鍦ㄦ睗鍗楃帇妗ュ啘姘戠敾鐨勫熀纭€涓婂彂灞曟紨鍙樿€屾潵鐨勩€傜帇妗ュ啘姘戠敾鍙戞簮浜庢睗鍗楀幙缃楀簵闀囷紝缃楀簵闀囩殑鍓嶈韩鏄帇妗ヤ汉姘戝叕绀俱€傝嚜鍙や互鏉ワ紝杩欓噷灏辨槸涓€鐗囨皯闂磋壓

鏍规浜庡啘姘戠敾鐨勮壓鏈垱鏂?/span>

 姹濆崡楹﹁崏鐢绘槸鍦ㄦ睗鍗楃帇妗ュ啘姘戠敾鐨勫熀纭€涓婂彂灞曟紨鍙樿€屾潵鐨勩€傜帇妗ュ啘姘戠敾鍙戞簮浜庢睗鍗楀幙缃楀簵闀囷紝缃楀簵闀囩殑鍓嶈韩鏄帇妗ヤ汉姘戝叕绀俱€傝嚜鍙や互鏉ワ紝杩欓噷灏辨槸涓€鐗囨皯闂磋壓鏈箒琛嶇殑娌冨湡锛屽緢澶氬啘姘戝繖鏃剁鐢帮紝鍐滈棽涓鸿壓锛岀粯鐢汇€佽涔︺€佸敱鎴忋€佹洸鑹虹瓑姘戦棿鑹烘湳寰楀埌绻佽崳鍙戝睍銆傜帇妗ュ啘姘戠敾璧锋簮浜庢槑娓咃紝鍦ㄥ巻鍙茬殑鍙戝睍涓笉鏂紶鎵垮彂灞曪紝鎹鏄敱姘戦棿鑹轰汉瑙g敱浠佷紶鎵胯嚦浠婏紝宸茬粡鏈?/span>300骞村巻鍙层€?/span>

 瑙g敱浠佺敓浜?/span>1641骞达紝灏戣绉佸【锛屽枩鐖辩粯鐢汇€佺鍒伙紝缁忓父鍑哄叆搴欏畤娈垮爞锛屽澹佺敾銆佸簷鐢婚鏈夌爺绌躲€備粬鍒涗綔鐨勫啘姘戠敾涓昏浠ユ皯闂存晠浜嬪拰浼犺銆佹皯闂撮淇楀拰鍐滄潙鐨勭敓娲讳负棰樻潗銆傚悗鏉ワ紝瑙c€佹潕銆佽枦涓夊缁撲翰锛岃В鍏冨簡銆佹潕楦胯繍銆佽枦鍥藉弸璺熼殢瑙g敱浠佺殑鍎垮瓙瑙d笢鏈涘涔犳皯闂寸粯鐢伙紝浠ヨВ姘忎负浠h〃鐨勫啘姘戠敾鍦ㄥ綋鍦伴€愭笎鍙戝睍璧锋潵骞朵笘浠g浉浼狅紝杩欏氨鏄帇妗ュ啘姘戠敾鐨勫墠韬€?/span> 

涓婁笘绾叚涓冨崄骞翠唬“鏂囬潻”鏃舵湡锛屽洜涓烘斂娌绘€濇兂鍜屾枃鍖栨暀鑲插浼犵殑闇€瑕侊紝鐜嬫ˉ浜烘皯鍏ぞ閮ㄥ垎鏈夌粯鐢诲熀纭€鐨勫啘姘戝紑濮嬪垱浣滀互褰撴椂鍐滄潙椋庡湡浜烘儏銆佷汉鐗╁舰璞″拰甯歌鐨勫啘鏉戝姩妞嶇墿涓轰富瑕侀鏉愶紝鍙嶆槧鍐滄潙鐜板疄鐢熸椿鍜屽啘姘戠兢浼楀垏韬劅鍙楃殑鍐滄皯鐢讳綔鍝併€傝繖浜涘啘姘戠敾绔嬫剰绠€鍗曪紝绾挎潯鍗曠函锛岀潃绗旇交蹇紝璐ㄦ湸绾湡锛岃〃鐜颁簡鍔冲姩浜烘皯鐨勫姵鍔ㄥ満鏅拰涓版敹鍚庣殑鍠滄偊蹇冩儏銆傚綋鍦板啘姘戠兢浼楀垱浣滃啘姘戠敾鐨勭儹鎯呭紩璧蜂簡鏃朵换鐜嬫ˉ浜烘皯鍏ぞ鍏氬涔﹁鍐€涓栨竻鐨勯噸瑙嗐€備负浜嗙箒鑽e彂灞曞綋鍦扮殑鍐滄皯鐢伙紝1971骞?/span>1鏈堬紝鐜嬫ˉ浜烘皯鍏ぞ鍏氬缁勭粐寮€鍔炰簡绗竴鏈熺帇妗ュ啘姘戠敾瀛︿範鐝紝鑱樿瑙f尟涔俱€佹潕瀛︽櫘銆佽枦鏄庝寒绛変负鏁欏笀锛屾暀鍐滄皯缇や紬瀛︿範鍐滄皯鐢绘妧鑹哄拰鍒涗綔銆?/span>1972骞达紝鐜嬫ˉ浜烘皯鍏ぞ鍒涘姙浜嗙帇妗ュ啘姘戠敾瀛︽牎锛屽啘姘戠敾鍒涗綔寰堝揩鍦ㄥ叏涔℃櫘鍙娿€?/span>1974骞存槬锛屽湪娌冲崡鐪佺編鏈晫鏈夊叧涓撳鐨勬敮鎸佷笅锛岀帇妗ヤ汉姘戝叕绀惧姙璧蜂簡娌冲崡鐪佺涓€鎵€鍐滄皯缇庢湳瀛︽牎锛屼负鍐滄皯鐢诲垱浣滃煿鑲蹭簡涓€鎵逛紭绉€鐨勪汉鎵嶏紝澶у箙搴︽彁鍗囦簡鐜嬫ˉ鍐滄皯鐢诲垱浣滅殑鑹烘湳姘村钩锛屽啘姘戠敾浣滃搧鍦ㄦ捣鍐呭灞曞嚭鏃跺薄灞¤幏濂栥€?/span>1993骞达紝缁忔渤鍗楃渷鏂囧寲鍘呮壒鍑嗭紝姹濆崡鍘垮垱鍔炰簡鍏ㄥ浗棣栧鍐滄皯鐢婚櫌——娌冲崡鐜嬫ˉ鍐滄皯鐢婚櫌銆傜敾闄㈡嫢鏈夊浗瀹剁骇涔︾敾鍗忎細浼氬憳36浜恒€佺渷绾т細鍛?/span>58浜恒€?/span>1996骞达紝缃楀簵涔¤鏂囧寲閮ㄥ懡鍚嶄负“姘戦棿鑹烘湳涔嬩埂”銆?/span>2006骞达紝姹濆崡鍐滄皯鐢诲叆閫変负娌冲崡鐪佺涓€鎵圭渷绾ч潪鐗╄川鏂囧寲閬椾骇銆?/span> 

涓婁笘绾?/span>80骞翠唬鍒濓紝鍐滄潙瀹炶瀹跺涵鑱斾骇鎵垮寘璐d换鍒朵互鍚庯紝鍐滄潙缁忔祹鍙戝睍姝ュ叆浜嗘柊鐨勯樁娈碉紝鍐滄潙鏀挎不缁忔祹褰㈠娍鍙戠敓浜嗗法澶у彉鍖栵紝鍐滄皯缇や紬鎶曞叆鐢熶骇鍔冲姩鐨勭Н鏋佹€х┖鍓嶉珮娑紝璁稿鍐滄皯鐢诲绾风悍鏀句笅鐢荤瑪銆佹嬁璧烽攧澶达紝鑰曠鑷繁鐨勮矗浠荤敯銆傚啘姘戠兢浼楀垱浣滃啘姘戠敾鐨勭Н鏋佹€у拰鎶曞叆鐨勭簿鍔涘彈鍒板緢澶у奖鍝嶏紝鐜嬫ˉ鍐滄皯鐢荤殑鍒涗綔璧板叆浣庤胺銆傞殢鐫€甯傚満缁忔祹鐨勫彂灞曪紝涓嶇敇蹇冨啘姘戠敾璧板悜琛拌惤鐨勫啘姘戠敾瀹跺強鏃惰В鏀炬€濇兂銆佹洿鏂拌蹇碉紝鎶婂啘姘戠敾杩欎竴鐗硅壊鏂囧寲鑹烘湳褰㈠紡涓庡競鍦虹粡娴庡彂灞曠揣瀵嗚仈绯昏捣鏉ワ紝鎺㈢储涓€鏉?ldquo;浠ユ枃鍏绘枃銆佸涓氬姪鏂?rdquo;鎺ㄨ繘鍐滄皯鐢荤箒鑽g殑鍙戝睍涔嬭矾銆?/span> 

1993骞达紝浠ヨ瀹濆崕涓轰唬琛ㄧ殑涓€鎵圭綏搴楀啘姘戠敾瀹跺湪鐜嬫ˉ鍐滄皯鐢荤殑鍩虹涓婏紝浠ラ害绉哥涓轰富瑕佸師鏉愭枡锛屽ぇ鑳嗗惛鏀跺浗鐢汇€佸壀绾搞€佺儥鐢荤瓑鑹烘湳琛ㄧ幇鎵嬫硶锛岃繍鐢ㄧ幇浠g鎶€鎵嬫锛屼互绮炬箾鐨勫埗浣滃伐鑹虹爺鍙戝嚭浜嗛鏍肩嫭鐗广€佸舰绁炲吋澶囩殑姘戦棿宸ヨ壓鐝嶅搧——楹﹁崏鐢伙紝鎴愪负鍙笌姹寸唬銆佽嫃缁e缇庣殑涓浗姘戦棿鑹烘湳鐟板疂銆?/span> 

姘戦棿鑹烘湳涓庢柊鍏翠骇涓氱殑铻嶅悎

 1993骞达紝浠ヨ瀹濆崕涓轰唬琛ㄧ殑杩欐壒鍐滄皯鐢诲鍦ㄧ綏搴椾埂鍏氬銆佷埂鏀垮簻鐨勬敮鎸佷笅锛岀璧?/span>70澶氫竾鍏冿紝鎴愮珛澶╀腑楹﹁崏宸ヨ壓鍝佹湁闄愬叕鍙搞€傚湪寮曡繘楂樼鎶€鐢熶骇宸ヨ壓鐨勫熀纭€涓婏紝璇ュ叕鍙稿叕寮€鍦ㄥ叏涔℃嫑鑱?/span>300澶氬悕鏂囧寲绱犺川楂樸€佸績鐏垫墜宸х殑闈掑勾鍐滄皯浠庝簨楹﹁崏鐢荤敓浜у埗浣溿€傞害鑽夌敾鏄敤灏忛害鐨勭Ц绉嗕负鍘熸潗鏂欙紝閫氳繃钂搞€佺啫銆佺儷銆佺儥銆佸埉銆佽创銆佸壀銆佺矘绛夊崄鍑犻亾宸ュ簭鎵嬪伐鍒朵綔鑰屾垚锛屼綔鍝佸彜鏈村吀闆呫€佹儫濡欐儫鑲栥€佹牘鏍╁鐢熴€佺珛浣撴劅寮猴紝鍏锋湁楂橀泤鐨勫搧鍛炽€佺伒鍔ㄧ殑绁為煹锛岃瑾変负“涓崕涓€缁濓紝姘戦棿鐟板疂”銆?/span> 

   楹﹁崏鐢讳繌閿€浣挎様鏃ョ殑搴熷純鐗╅害绉哥鍙樺緱閲戣吹璧锋潵銆傚綋鍦拌澶氬啘鎴锋斁寮冭仈鍚堟敹鍓叉満鏀跺壊锛岃嚜宸卞姩鎵嬫敹鍓诧紝鎶婃渶濂界殑楹︾Ц鎸戞嫞鍑烘潵鍗栫粰楹﹁崏鐢诲叕鍙搞€?/span> 

 “涓師澶у湴鐩涗骇灏忛害锛屽法澶х殑楹︾Ц绉嗚祫婧愪环鍊间箣浣庣畝鐩村彲浠ュ拷鐣ヤ笉璁★紝涓€鎹嗘崋楹︾Ц绉嗕互鍓嶅彧鑳藉杺鐗涙垨鐒氱儳锛屼絾缁忚繃鍐滄皯鑹烘湳瀹剁殑绮惧阀鍒朵綔锛屽氨鍙互鎽囪韩鍙樹负缇庤疆缇庡鐨勯害鑽夌敾锛屼竴骞呯敾浠峰€奸鍗囧埌涓婂崈鍏冧汉姘戝竵锛?rdquo;浜轰滑瀵归害鑽夌敾妯┖鍑轰笘缁欎簣寰堥珮鐨勮禐瑾夈€?/span> 

琚佸疂鍗庣殑濂冲効琚佹湀鑻辨槸褰撳湴楹﹁崏鐢荤敓浜ф柊鐨勯鍐涗汉鐗┿€傚ス浠庡皬鍙楃埗浜茬殑褰卞搷锛屼粠19宀佸氨寮€濮嬪湪澶╀腑楹﹁崏鐢绘湁闄愬叕鍙稿涔犵粯鐢汇€佸埗浣滐紝寰堝揩鎴愪负澶╀腑楹﹁崏宸ヨ壓鍝佹湁闄愬叕鍙哥殑鎶€鏈骞层€傚ス浠ユ睗鍗楀幙姊佺鏂囧寲涓虹礌鏉愶紝鍒朵綔浜嗕竴骞呭箙绮剧編缁濅鸡鐨勬绁濈埍鎯呯瓑绯诲垪浣滃搧锛屾浘鑽h幏娌冲崡鐪佺涓夊眾姘戦棿宸ヨ壓缇庢湳鍗氳浼氫竴绛夊銆佷腑鍥戒笓鍒╁崥瑙堜細閲戝銆?/span>2003骞达紝琚佹湀鑻辨垚绔嬩簡鑷繁鐨勯害鑽夌敾鑹烘湳鐮旂┒闄紝鍦ㄧ户鎵垮拰鍙戞壃绁栦紶姘戦棿宸ヨ壓鐨勫熀纭€涓婏紝鍕囦簬鎺㈢储锛屽ぇ鑳嗗垱鏂帮紝寮€鍙戝嚭楹﹁崏鐢昏姳鐡躲€侀害鑽夌敾鑹烘湳鐝嶅搧銆侀害鑽夌敾宸ヨ壓鍙f澂绛夋繁鍙楀競鍦烘杩庣殑鍝佺銆傜洰鍓嶏紝琚佹湀鑻遍害鑽夌敾鑹烘湳鐮旂┒闄㈡嫢鏈夎祫娣辩爺绌跺憳8浜恒€佷笓涓氭妧鏈汉鎵?/span>56浜恒€?/span> 

浣滀负涓€绉嶆柊鍏寸殑鑹烘湳褰㈠紡鍜屾枃鍖栦骇鍝侊紝姹濆崡楹﹁崏鐢讳互鍏舵瀯鎬濇柊棰栥€侀€犲瀷閫肩湡銆佸仛宸ョ簿缁嗐€佽嚜鐒跺彜鏈淬€侀珮璐靛吀闆呯瓑鐗圭偣锛屾繁鍙楀浗鍐呭甯傚満鐨勯潚鐫愶紝浜у搧涓€鐩翠緵涓嶅簲姹傘€傝繎20骞撮棿锛屽ぉ涓害鑽夌敾缁忚繃6娆℃洿鏂版崲浠o紝寮€鍙戝嚭浜嗚姳楦熴€佸北姘淬€佷汉鐗┿€佸巻鍙插悕鐢荤瓑6澶х郴鍒?/span>200澶氫釜鍝佺锛岀晠閿€30澶氫釜鍥藉鍜屽湴鍖恒€?/span>

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(鍘熸爣棰橈細椹婚┈搴楃綉)